Under Eye Circles and Eye Wrinkles

Under eye areas are very delicate and the skin is somewhat thin. Because there is not a lot of fatty padding under the skin of the eye it tends to show veins easily making dark circles more obvious. Wrinkles are also more visible in this area. Crow’s feet, the tiny lines or wrinkles at the outer edge of the eye and the deeper lines underneath the eye are caused by skin that has lost its elasticity. Collagen and elastin are what give the skin its firmness and stretch ability.dark circles

As we age, our skin is less capable of returning to its natural shape after yawning, smiling or any other facial movements. The breakdown of collagen is responsible for loose, sagging skin that may make you look older than you are. There are things you can do to minimize the appearance of wrinkles, lines, crow’s feet and under eye circles.

What Causes Under Eye Wrinkles?

The skin around the eyes does not have oil-producing glands to lubricate the skin as with other areas of the face. Therefore it tends to be dry, making the appearance of crow’s feet and laugh lines more noticeable.

Do you need to use a separate wrinkle cream for under eye areas?
This is a very common question asked by many women. Is wrinkle cream meant to be used under the eyes as well or do we need another product exclusively for eyes? According to Dr. Mohiba Tareen of Desi Dermatology, the skin around the eyes is thin compared to the fleshier parts of the face and tends to show wrinkles sooner. She advises patients not to be concerned with buying a separate eye cream; the skin absorbs moisture (like a sponge) from the wrinkle cream as well as the other products used on the face. While it is not necessary, many patients prefer to use an emollient-rich night cream under the eyes before going to bed as a preventative. (Desi Dermatology)

The Use of Exfoliators

Exfoliation is excellent for removing dead skin cells and encouraging collagen production. Many women use a facial scrub made with crystals of sugar, salt or granules of seeds or shells. Be extremely cautious when using facial scrubs near the eye areas. It is not advisable to use these types of products in the under eye area because the skin is very thin and can be scratched by the grains which is painful causing irritation and redness. Only use products that are intended for use in the eye area.

Traditional Wrinkle Treatments

Dermatologists can offer a variety of treatments for wrinkles and fine lines. Botox injections are the most common treatment used, another method is laser resurfacing where the top layer of skin is removed with a laser, removing the layers of wrinkled skin gradually. Both of these types of treatments use instruments which can be painful, cause skin irritation and must be repeated several times to achieve the desired results.

Anti-Wrinkle Creams

Wrinkle creams containing Vitamin A or retinol are very effective at diminishing lines and wrinkles. Also creams that contain Vitamin C help repair the damage done to skin from sun exposure or free radicals. Many good wrinkle products contain natural antioxidants such as Vitamin A, C, green tea, grape seed extract, Aloe Vera, selenium and Co-Q 10. Any wrinkle creams that contain Retinol may leave the skin sensitive to the sun so it is advisable to limit sun exposure while using the product. The best type of product would be a lotion or serum that is used all over the face. Many products of this type are gentle enough to be used in the sensitive eye area without burning. The product should be used before applying making for the day.

How to Apply Wrinkle Creams

When applying a wrinkle cream or any type of lotion, apply with the fingertips in a dotting fashion in spots all over the face. A dot on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin and then blend into the skin using a circular motion. Be very careful in the eye area not to stretch or rub the skin. Use a light patting motion with the fingertips to apply cream under the eyes. Follow the instructions for use as to how many times to apply per day.

Resources:
http://desidermatology.com/2012/05/30/do-i-really-need-a-separate-eye-cream/
http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/what_professional_resurfacing_procedures_skin_wrinkles_000021_5.htm